cadmium exposure and health effects among

Cadmium exposure and health effects among residents in

Cadmium exposure and health effects among residents in an irrigation area with ore dressing wastewater. Cai SW(1), Yue L, Hu ZN, Zhong XZ, Ye ZL, Xu HD, Liu YR, Ji RD, Zhang WH, Zhang FY. Author information: (1)Institute of Environmental Health and Engineering, Chinese Academy of Preventive Medicine, Beijing. About 0.05 mg Cd l-1 was found in the irrigation water contaminated by

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Cadmium exposure and health effects among residents in

01/01/1990  The Science of the Total Environment, 90 (1990) 67 73 67 Elsevier Science Publishers B.V., Amsterdam -- Printed in The Netherlands CADMIUM EXPOSURE AND HEALTH EFFECTS AMONG RESIDENTS IN AN IRRIGATION AREA WITH ORE DRESSING WASTEWATER CAI SHIWEN, YUE LIN', HU ZHINENG2, ZHONG XIANZU3, YE ZHAOLU4, XU HUIDONG2, LIU YUANRONG, JI

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Cadmium exposure and health effects among residents in

Among the residents who have been exposed to cadmium for more than 25 years, cadmium absorption (urinary cadmium ⩽ 10 μg g −1 creatinine) was 60% and an early effect on the target organ (urinary cadmium ⩾ 15 μg g −1 creatinine and urinary β 2-microglobulin ⩾ 500 μg g −1 creatinine) was detected in 17% of the sample of 433 persons. Levels of urinary cadmium and blood cadmium ...

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Cadmium exposure and its health effects: a 19-year follow ...

01/02/2014  AIM: To observe cadmium (Cd) exposure levels and its health risks among residents living in contaminated areas that have been exposed to environmental cadmium pollution for 45 years. METHODS: Subjects involved in the survey in 1987 were interviewed again in 2006. Rice and urine samples from surviving subjects were collected to assess the level of cadmium exposure. Urinary Cd

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EXPOSURE TO CADMIUM: A MAJOR PUBLIC HEALTH CONCERN

A MAJOR PUBLIC HEALTH CONCERN . Cadmium exerts toxic effects on the kidney, the skeletal system and the respiratory system and is classified as a human carcinogen. 1,2. It is generally present in the environment at low levels; however, human activity has greatly increased those levels. 3. Cadmium can travel long distances from the source of emission by atmospheric transport. 4. It is readily ...

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All the information on Cadmium - Cadmium exposure and ...

4.3 Human Health Effects of Cadmium. The kidney is the critical target organ for the general population as well as for occupationally exposed populations. Cadmium is known to accumulate in the human kidney for a relatively long time, from 20 to 30 years, and, at high doses, is also known to produce health effects on the respiratory system and has been associated with bone disease. Most of the ...

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Cadmium and you - HSE: Information about health and safety ...

The effects of such exposure can include: ... People with significant exposure to cadmium and its compounds may need health checks. An initial check will make sure you do not have a medical condition that could get worse by working with cadmium. Regular checks, perhaps every six months, will show what levels of cadmium there are in your blood and urine. The urine test can also check the ...

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(PDF) Cadmium, Environmental Exposure, and Health

01/02/2010  Adverse effects of cadmium on kidney and bone have been observed in environmentally exposed populations at frequencies higher than those predicted from models of exposure

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(PDF) Cadmium and children: Exposure and health effects

Cadmium exposure at early age should be limited as much as possible to prevent direct effects on children and to prevent accumulation of cadmium which may have serious health effects only becoming ...

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Effects of Exposure to Lead and Cadmium on Health of ...

06/02/2021  People living near abandoned mines are at increased risk of exposure to toxic metals. We surveyed 4500 inhabitants with the mean age of 68.5 years old (male: 1768, female: 2732) living near 104 abandoned metal mines from 2013 to 2017 (the 2nd phase health survey in Korea). We conducted personal interviews, blood and urine sampling, and analyzed the concentrations of lead (Pb) and cadmium

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Cadmium Toxicity: What Health Effects Are Associated

describe the health effects of acute high-dose cadmium exposure. Introduction. Adverse effects of excessive acute cadmium exposure may include “food poisoning” (ingestion only), bronchitis (inhalation only), chemical pneumonitis (inhalation only), and; pulmonary edema (inhalation only), a condition which can initially resemble metal fume fever. Respiratory Effects. Severe, often fatal ...

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Cadmium, Environmental Exposure, and Health Outcomes

a primary source of exposure among non-smoking, nonoccupationally exposed popu-lations (Clemens 2006; Franz et al. 2008; McLaughlin et al. 2006). A safe intake limit of 7 µg cadmium/week/kg body weight was set based on the critical renal cadmium con-centration of between 100 and 200 µg/g wet weight that corresponds to a urinary threshold limit of 5–10 µg/g creatinine [World Health ...

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Cadmium Exposure and Health Risks: Recent Findings

is a major problem among the elderly in all industrialized countries. INTRODUCTION Exposure and health effects from cadmium (Cd) have been dis-cussed at many meetings and thoroughly reviewed in several ex-tensive books and criteria documents (1-3). The books by Friberg et al. (1, 2) and the WHO document (3) were based on publications until 1984-1985. During the last decade a consid-erable ...

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Cadmium - Health Effects Occupational Safety and

Health Effects. Occupational exposure to cadmium can lead to a variety of adverse health effects including cancer. Acute inhalation exposure (high levels over a short period of time) to cadmium can result in flu-like symptoms (chills, fever, and muscle pain) and can damage the lungs. Chronic exposure (low level over an extended period of time) can result in kidney, bone and lung disease. For a ...

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Cadmium and children: Exposure and health effects ...

Cadmium accumulation in the kidney is responsible for effects such as nephrotoxicity and osteoporosis which are observed at adult age. Cadmium exposure through inhalation is also associated with lung cancer in adulthood. Although transfer to the neonate through the placenta and through breast milk is limited, teratogenic and developmental effects were observed in experimental animals. The ...

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(PDF) Cadmium and children: Exposure and health effects

Cadmium exposure at early age should be limited as much as possible to prevent direct effects on children and to prevent accumulation of cadmium which may have serious health effects only becoming ...

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Cadmium, Environmental Exposure, and Health

This review provides an update on cadmium exposure levels and the potential adverse health effects they may elicit in adult populations. We focus first on key issues underpinning health risk assessment of low-level cadmium in the diet, including bioavailability of dietary origin, the 5% default absorption rate, thresholds and safe intake levels, and the kidney as a specific target for cadmium ...

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Cadmium, environmental exposure, and health outcomes ...

01/05/2011  This review provides an update on cadmium exposure levels and the potential adverse health effects they may elicit in adult populations. We focus first on key issues under-pinning health risk assessment of low-level cadmium in the diet, including bioavailability of dietary origin, the 5% default absorption rate, thresholds and safe intake levels, and the kidney as a specific target for cadmium ...

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Cadmium exposure and liver disease among US adults

Background: Effects of chronic cadmium exposure on liver disease and liver-related mortality are unknown. We evaluated the association of creatinine-corrected urinary cadmium levels with hepatic necroinflammation, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), liver-related mortality, and liver cancer mortality in the US general population.

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Heavy metal poisoning: the effects of cadmium on the

The heavy metal cadmium (Cd) is known to be a widespread environmental contaminant and a potential toxin that may adversely affect human health. Exposure is largely via the respiratory or gastrointestinal tracts; important non-industrial sources of exposure are cigarette smoke and food (from contaminated soil and water). The kidney is the main organ affected by chronic Cd exposure and toxicity ...

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Cadmium Toxicity: What Health Effects Are Associated

describe the health effects of acute high-dose cadmium exposure. Introduction. Adverse effects of excessive acute cadmium exposure may include “food poisoning” (ingestion only), bronchitis (inhalation only), chemical pneumonitis (inhalation only), and; pulmonary edema (inhalation only), a condition which can initially resemble metal fume fever. Respiratory Effects. Severe, often fatal ...

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Cadmium Exposure and Health Risks: Recent Findings

is a major problem among the elderly in all industrialized countries. INTRODUCTION Exposure and health effects from cadmium (Cd) have been dis-cussed at many meetings and thoroughly reviewed in several ex-tensive books and criteria documents (1-3). The books by Friberg et al. (1, 2) and the WHO document (3) were based on publications until 1984-1985. During the last decade a consid-erable ...

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3. HEALTH EFFECTS

The information in this section on health effects of inhalation exposure to cadmium in humans is derived from studies of workers exposed to cadmium fume or dusts in industries such as smelting, battery manufacturing, soldering, and pigment production. Adverse effects of human exposure to cadmium were first established among workers in a cadmium battery factory (Friberg 1950).

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Cadmium and children: Exposure and health effects ...

Cadmium accumulation in the kidney is responsible for effects such as nephrotoxicity and osteoporosis which are observed at adult age. Cadmium exposure through inhalation is also associated with lung cancer in adulthood. Although transfer to the neonate through the placenta and through breast milk is limited, teratogenic and developmental effects were observed in experimental animals. The ...

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Sources and Health Consequences of CADMIUM

And finally – with food as the main route of cadmium exposure for the general population, a recent study showed that the Cadmium tolerable weekly intake, based on potential nephrotoxicity effects, is exceeded by a high proportion of children under 3 years old. Nephrotoxicity results from the accumulation of cadmium in the kidney and appears typically after long-term exposure (40–50 years ...

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Cadmium and children: Exposure and health effects ...

Cadmium accumulation in the kidney is responsible for effects such as nephrotoxicity and osteoporosis which are observed at adult age. Cadmium exposure through inhalation is also associated with lung cancer in adulthood. Although transfer to the neonate through the placenta and through breast milk is limited, teratogenic and developmental effects were observed in experimental animals. The ...

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Heavy metal poisoning: the effects of cadmium on the

The heavy metal cadmium (Cd) is known to be a widespread environmental contaminant and a potential toxin that may adversely affect human health. Exposure is largely via the respiratory or gastrointestinal tracts; important non-industrial sources of exposure are cigarette smoke and food (from contaminated soil and water). The kidney is the main organ affected by chronic Cd exposure and toxicity ...

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WHO Cadmium

Cadmium exerts toxic effects on the kidneys as well as the skeletal and respiratory systems. It is classified as a human carcinogen. It is generally present in the environment at low levels; however, human activity has greatly increased levels in environmental media relevant to population exposure. Exposures potentially of particular concern for children include disposal and recycling of ...

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Cadmium exposure and incidence of heart failure and

Multiple adverse health effects of cadmium exposure have been reported, such as increased risk of renal dysfunction,1, 6, 8, 9 osteoporosis9–11 and cancer.12–14 Recent studies also found that cadmium was associated with the prevalence and future growth of atherosclerotic plaques15 and with cardiovascular disease (CVD).16, 17 However, to the best of our knowledge, only two studies, both in ...

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Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment Health ...

The report focuses on the health effects of low cadmium doses and the identification of high-risk groups. The diet is the main source of cadmium exposure in the Swedish nonsmoking general population. The average daily dietary intake is about 15 µg /day, but there are great individual variations due to differences in energy intake and dietary habits. It has been shown that a high fiber diet ...

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